Funeral oration ancient Greece It was an established Athenian practice by the late 5th century to hold a public funeral in honour of all those who had died in war. Then a funeral procession was held, with ten cypress coffins carrying the remains, one for each of the Athenian tribesand another for the remains that could not be identified. Finally they were buried at a public grave at Kerameikos.
Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy.
Pericles on athens in the funeral the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. It was a custom of their ancestors, and the manner of it is as follows. Three days before the ceremony, the bones of the dead are laid out in a tent which has been erected; and their friends bring to their relatives such offerings as they please.
In the funeral procession cypress coffins are borne in cars, one for each tribe; the bones of the deceased being placed in the coffin of their tribe. Among these is carried one empty bier decked for the missing, that is, for those whose bodies could not be recovered.
Any citizen or stranger who pleases, joins in the procession: The dead are laid in the public sepulchre in the Beautiful suburb of the city, in which those who fall in war are always buried; with the exception of those slain at Marathon, who for their singular and extraordinary valour were interred on the spot where they fell.
After the bodies have been laid in the earth, a man chosen by the state, of approved wisdom and eminent reputation, pronounces over them an appropriate panegyric; after which all retire. Such is the manner of the burying; and throughout the whole of the war, whenever the occasion arose, the established custom was observed.
Meanwhile these were the first that had fallen, and Pericles, son of Xanthippus, was chosen to pronounce their eulogium. When the proper time arrived, he advanced from the sepulchre to an elevated platform in order to be heard by as many of the crowd as possible, and spoke as follows: For myself, I should have thought that the worth which had displayed itself in deeds would be sufficiently rewarded by honours also shown by deeds; such as you now see in this funeral prepared at the people's cost.
And I could have wished that the reputations of many brave men were not to be imperilled in the mouth of a single individual, to stand or fall according as he spoke well or ill.
For it is hard to speak properly upon a subject where it is even difficult to convince your hearers that you are speaking the truth.
On the one hand, the friend who is familiar with every fact of the story may think that some point has not been set forth with that fullness which he wishes and knows it to deserve; on the other, he who is a stranger to the matter may be led by envy to suspect exaggeration if he hears anything above his own nature.
For men can endure to hear others praised only so long as they can severally persuade themselves of their own ability to equal the actions recounted: However, since our ancestors have stamped this custom with their approval, it becomes my duty to obey the law and to try to satisfy your several wishes and opinions as best I may.
They dwelt in the country without break in the succession from generation to generation, and handed it down free to the present time by their valour. And if our more remote ancestors deserve praise, much more do our own fathers, who added to their inheritance the empire which we now possess, and spared no pains to be able to leave their acquisitions to us of the present generation.
Lastly, there are few parts of our dominions that have not been augmented by those of us here, who are still more or less in the vigour of life; while the mother country has been furnished by us with everything that can enable her to depend on her own resources whether for war or for peace.
That part of our history which tells of the military achievements which gave us our several possessions, or of the ready valour with which either we or our fathers stemmed the tide of Hellenic or foreign aggression, is a theme too familiar to my hearers for me to dilate on, and I shall therefore pass it by.
But what was the road by which we reached our position, what the form of government under which our greatness grew, what the national habits out of which it sprang; these are questions which I may try to solve before I proceed to my panegyric upon these men; since I think this to be a subject upon which on the present occasion a speaker may properly dwell, and to which the whole assemblage, whether citizens or foreigners, may listen with advantage.
Its administration favours the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition.Pericles’s funeral oration was given to honor the soldiers lost in war by commemorating the military accomplishments of the Athens government and to distinguish the roles of men and women in Athens .
PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION 71 PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION THUCYDIDES (c. –c. BC) 71 _____ in which ucydides had Pericles compare Athens and Sparta. However, as he wrote in Book I, “I have put into the mouth of each speaker the funeral for those who had been the first to die in the war.
ese funerals are held. Pericles Funeral Oration In the fifth century BCE the city of Athens was lead by a man named Pericles. Funerals after great battles were held as a public event where any citizen of Athens, stranger or relative to the fallen heroes, was invited to take place. Pericles' Funeral Oration is a famous speech from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War.
The speech was delivered by Pericles at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War ( Pericles' Funeral Oration is a famous speech from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War.
The speech was delivered by Pericles at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War ( - BCE). He was a famous Athenian monstermanfilm.com speech was a part of the yearly public funeral for the people who died in the war..
At that time, people in Athens had a custom of holding a public. In , shortly after the Peloponnesian War had broken out, Pericles delivered his famous Funeral Oration to commemorate those troops who had already fallen in battle.