This question of motivation has been studied by management theorists and social psychologists for decades, in attempts to identify successful approaches to management. The X Theory and the Y Theory. McGregor promoted Theory Y as the basis of good management practice, pioneering the argument that workers are not merely cogs in the company machinery, as Theory X-Type organizations seemed to believe. The theories look at how a manager's perceptions of what motivates his or her team members affects the way he or she behaves.
Many managers tend towards theory x, and generally get poor results. Enlightened managers use theory y, which produces better performance and results, and allows people to grow and develop. Therefore most people must be forced with the threat of punishment to work towards organisational objectives.
The average person prefers to be directed; to avoid responsibility; is relatively unambitious, and wants security above all else.
People will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organisational objectives, without external control or the threat of punishment. Commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement. People usually accept and often seek responsibility.
The capacity to use a high degree of imagination, ingenuity and creativity in solving organisational problems is widely, not narrowly, distributed in the population. In industry the intellectual potential of the average person is only partly utilised.
One wonders if the idea was not considered strong enough to stand alone with a completely new nameDouglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Biography of Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor was born on in Detroit, America.
In , it was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given its name as, McGregor Institute.
The concept of Theory X and Theory Y was developed by social psychologist Douglas McGregor. It describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: Theory X – people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility.
McGregor’s Theory of X and Y. Home / Notes / Ordinary Level Notes / O Level Business Studies Notes / McGregor’s Theory of X and Y.
Previous Next. McGregor’s Theory of X and Y. A theory Y worker is self-driven. Image credit monstermanfilm.com ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: McGregor’s Theory of X and Y. McGregor's X-Y theory is a salutary and simple reminder of the natural rules for managing people, which under the pressure of day-to-day business are all too easily forgotten.
McGregor's ideas suggest that there are two fundamental . The concept of Theory X and Theory Y was developed by social psychologist Douglas McGregor. It describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: Theory X – people dislike work, have .
McGregor's work on Theory X and Theory Y has had a significant impact on management thought and practice in the years since he first articulated the concepts. In terms of the study of management, McGregor's concepts are included in the overwhelming majority of basic management textbooks, and they are still routinely presented to students of.