Site Search Juvenile Delinquency The act of participating in a crime by a minor is considered juvenile delinquency. This criminal act can be punished by an array of means, designed specifically to deal with those who are under the statutory age of majority. However, the rise of street gangs makes many people argue that the severity of the juvenile prosecution system is not high enough to constitute proper punishment.
Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice. The National Academies Press. In England and Wales, about perto year-olds were convicted or cautioned by the police for violent crimes homicide, assault, robbery, and rape in In Germany, perto year-olds and in The Netherlands perto year-olds were suspects of violent crime in Pfeiffer, Comparing how different countries deal with juvenile offenders is equally challenging.
Countries differ in the ages of young people considered legal juveniles, in how juvenile courts are organized, and in the types of institution used to sanction juvenile offenders.
As Table shows, the minimum age for being considered criminally responsible varies from 7 years in Switzerland and the Australian state of Tasmania to 16 in Belgium and Russia.
The age of full criminal responsibility i. In the United States, both minimum and maximum ages of juvenile court jurisdiction vary by state, with most states having no minimum age although in practice, children younger than 10 are seldom seen in juvenile courts.
The maximum age of juvenile court jurisdiction is younger in many U. At the same time that states and the federal government in the United States have been moving toward Juvenule crime models essay juvenile offenders more like adult criminals, many other countries retain a strong rehabilitative stance.
The Youth Court Law of Austria, for example, describes juvenile offending as a normal step in development for which restorative justice, Juvenule crime models essay punishment, is the appropriate response.
The Belgium Youth Court Protection Act specifies that the only measures that can be imposed on a juvenile are for his or her care, protection, and education.
In New Zealand, sinceFamily Group Conferences have been used to replace or supplement youth courts for most of the serious criminal cases. In the early s, England and Wales moved toward community-based sanctions for young offenders and away from institutional placements.
This trend was reversed in the s, however, when England and Wales reacted to the upswing in juvenile violence in a manner similar to the United States, focusing on the offense, rather than the offender.
Criminal Justice and Public Order Act of made it easier to place offenders younger than 15 years in juvenile correctional facilities and extended the maximum length of allowable sentences.
Crime and Disorder Act of moved the English juvenile justice system even further toward a punitive, offense-based model. Page 21 Share Cite Suggested Citation: In Denmark, maximum punishments well below those available for adults are specified in law for juveniles 15 and older; juveniles under the age of 15 may not be punished, but may be referred to a social welfare agency.
In Sweden, imprisonment may only be imposed on juveniles under exceptional circumstances, and even then, the sentences imposed are shorter than for adults. The United States has a very high overall rate of incarceration. At per , the U. Although adequate juvenile incarceration figures do not exist in the United States, the incarceration rate for homicides committed by juveniles is illustrative of the difference in incarceration rates.
Comparable numbers in other countries are 2. Some of the differences in juvenile homicide incarceration rates are likely to be due to differences in homicide commission rates.
In none of the 15 countries surveyed by Weitekamp et al. Prevention, Treatment, and Control was asked to identify and analyze the full range of research studies and datasets that bear on the nature of juvenile crime, highlighting key issues and data sources that can provide evidence of prevalence and seriousness; race, gender, and class bias; and impacts of deterrence, punishment, and prevention strategies.
The panel was further asked to analyze the factors that contribute to delinquent behavior, including a review of the knowledge on child and adolescent development and its implications for prevention and control; to assess the current practices of the juvenile justice system, including the implementation of constitutional safeguards; to examine adjudication, detention and waiver practices; to explore the role of community and institutional settings; to assess the quality of data sources on the clients of both public and private juvenile justice facilities; and to assess the impact of the deinstitutionalization mandates of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of on delinquency and community safety.
To meet this charge, the study panel and staff gathered information in a number of ways.Crime & Delinquency - Multiple crime/offense types Overall, the results from the two meta-analyses were mixed. Schwalbe and colleagues () examined the results from 28 studies of juvenile diversion programs and found there was no significant effect on recidivism (OR=), suggesting diversion was no better than traditional justice processing.
Causes and Effects of Juvenile Crime essays I feel that one of the biggest problems that the United States is faced with in the present day is juvenile crime. Juvenile crime does not only affect the individuals who commit the crime, it also affects the victim of the crime.
This also affects the juve. Do you feel that the United States justice system is doing enough to adequately address juvenile crime? Why or why not?
In what ways would you better improve the current juvenile justice system? Essay Juvenile Crime And The Juvenile Justice System. Introduction While juvenile crime decreased in the s, the number of teens in detention facilities continued to rise.
The amount of youth in these detention centers more than doubled going from 13, to 28, between and Punishment: Crime and Earlier Juvenile Process Essay various factors may come in to play during the course of his or her arrest, hearing, sentencing, punishment, and rehabilitation process.
In the history juvenile were considered and put on trial as criminals as the same as adults. Below given is an essay example on juvenile crime that you may find useful if looking for an argumentative paper dealing with controversial legal issues.