English SOL Online Writing The Writing Process Writing is not merely a finished product; it is a process including prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing. In the English SOLs, instruction in the writing process begins in grade one and continues through grade Students will become proficient in all steps of the process for a variety of writing modes of including:
This can be particularly useful if the portfolio is to be shared with external audiences unfamiliar with the coursework such as parents, other educators and community members. What processes will be engaged in during the development of the portfolio?
One of the greatest attributes of the portfolio is its potential for focusing on the processes of learning. Too often in education we emphasize the products students create or the outcomes they achieve. But we do not give sufficient attention to the processes required to create those products or outcomes, the processes involved in self-diagnosis and self-improvement, or the metacognitive processes of thinking.
As a result, the products or outcomes are not as good as we or the students would like because they are often unsure how to get started, how to self-diagnose or self-correct or how to determine when a piece of work is "finished. Selection of Contents Once again, identifying the purpose s for the portfolio should drive the selection process.
As listed in the tables above, different samples of student work will likely be selected for different purposes. Additionally, how samples are selected might also differ depending on the purpose.
For example, for an evaluation portfolio, the teacher might decide which samples need to be included to evaluate student progress.
On the other hand, including the student in the decision-making process of determining appropriate types of samples for inclusion might be more critical for a growth portfolio to promote meaningful reflection. Finally, a showcase portfolio might be designed to include significant input from the student on which samples best highlight achievement and progress, or the teacher might primarily make those decisions.
Furthermore, audiences beyond the teacher and student might have input into the content of the porfolio, from team or department members, principals and district committees to external agencies to parents and community members. External audiences are most likely to play a role for evaluation portfolios.
However, it is important to remember there are no hard rules about portfolios. Anything can be included in a portfolio. Anyone can be involved in the processes of selection, reflection and evaluation of a portfolio. Flexibility applies to portfolios as it does to any authentic assessment.
That is, you should be true to your purpose sbut you should feel no constraints on how you meet them with a portfolio assignment.
How might the selection take place? What I will describe below are just a few of the many possible avenues for selecting which samples will be included in a portfolio. But these examples should give you a good sense of some of the choices and some of the decisions involved.
Which work students select depends on the criteria used to choose each piece see below. A peer might also provide some reflection on a piece of work to be included in the portfolio. Based on what criteria? Simply selecting samples of work as described above can produce meaningful stories about students, and others can benefit from "reading" these stories.
But the students themselves are missing significant benefits of the portfolio process if they are not asked to reflect upon the quality and growth of their work. As Paulson, Paulson and Meyer stated, "The portfolio is something that is done by the student, not to the student.Benchmark Literacy Teacher's Resource System Grade 2: Volume 1 Version 2 ; Benchmark Literacy Teacher's Resource System Grade 2: Volume 2 Version 2.
Student Models. When you need an example written by a student, check out our vast collection of free student models. Scroll through the list, or search for a mode of writing .
All students feel some degree of anxiety upon discovering they will be taking a state or district assessment. How could they not?
Having someone other than the teacher they're comfortable with score and assess a piece of writing about themselves is a scary notion. Bulletin. Grade 5 Writing Update Bulletin Manuals, Interpretive Guides, and Other Ancillary Documents.
Grade 5 Writing Interpretive Guide Grade 5 Writing Assessment Pre-Administration Presentation ; Grade 5 Writing Assessment and Instructional Guide (PPT Format) Formulaic Writing Slides. The 4th grade teacher's cheat sheet! This master list of tips and lessons for teaching 4th grade will help veterans and newbies alike sail through the year.