It also included some front-end styling modifications influenced by the severe-service line of International trucks. As Caterpillar has withdrawn from producing diesel engines for the school bus market, the Forward Advantage will not see production in its current form since its design was tailored to the Caterpillar engine. Hybrid diesel-electric buses[ edit ] IC offers hybrid diesel-electric powertrains in the CE conventional school bus as an option.
Public transport bus service Transit busesused on public transport bus serviceshave utilitarian fittings designed for efficient movement of large numbers of people, and often have multiple doors. Coaches are used for longer-distance routes.
High-capacity bus rapid transit services may use the bi-articulated bus or tram-style buses such as the Wright StreetCar and the Irisbus Civis.
Buses and coach services often operate to a predetermined published public transport timetable defining the route and the timing, but smaller vehicles may be used on more flexible demand responsive transport services.
Tourism Tour bus being used in France Buses play a major part in the tourism industry. Tour buses around the world allow tourists to view local attractions or scenery. These are often open-top busesbut can also be by regular bus or coach.
In local sightseeingCity Sightseeing is the largest operator of local tour buses, operating on a franchised basis all over the world. Specialist tour buses are also often owned and operated by safari parks and other theme parks or resorts.
Longer-distance tours are also carried out by bus, either on a turn up and go basis or through a tour operatorand usually allow disembarkation from the bus to allow touring of sites of interest on foot.
These may be day trips or longer excursions incorporating hotel stays. Tour buses often carry a tour guide, although the driver or a recorded audio commentary may also perform this function.
The tour operator may itself be a subsidiary of a company that operates buses and coaches for other uses or an independent company that charters buses or coaches.
Commuter transport operators may also use their coaches to conduct tours within the target city between the morning and evening commuter transport journey. Buses and coaches are also a common component of the wider package holiday industry, providing private airport transfers in addition to general airport buses and organised tours and day trips for holidaymakers on the package.
Tour buses can also be hired as chartered buses by groups as part of sightseeing at popular holiday destinations. These private tour buses may offer specific stops like all the historical sights or specifically casinos or allow the customers the comfort to make their own itineraries as per the places and activities they want to cover while on their tour.
Tour buses come with professional and informed staff, insurance and maintain state governed safety standards. Not only this to make the experience for the tourists more comfortable provide facilities like entertainment units, luxurious reclining seats, large scenic windows, and even lavatories if needed.
Public long-distance coach networks are also often used as a low-cost method of travel by students or young people travelling the world.
Some companies such as Topdeck Travel were set up to specifically use buses to drive the hippie trail or travel to places such as North Africa.
In many tourist or travel destinations, a bus is part of the tourist attractionsuch as the North American tourist trolleysLondon's AEC Routemaster heritage routesor the customised buses of Malta, Asia, and the Americas.
Another example of tourist stops are the homes of celebritiessuch as tours based near Hollywood. There are several such services between and Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles. Student transport Main article: Student transport In some countries, particularly the USA and Canada, buses used to transport school children have evolved into a specific design with specified mandatory features.
American states have also adopted laws regarding motorist conduct around school buses, including serious fines and the possibility of prison time for passing a stopped school bus in the process of offloading children passengers.
These school buses feature things such as the school bus yellow livery and crossing guards. Other countries may mandate the use of seat belts.
As a minimum, many countries require a bus carrying students to display a signand may also adopt yellow liveries. Student transport often uses older buses cascaded from service use, retrofitted with more seats or seatbelts.
Student transport may be operated by local authorities or private contractors.The International Bus Roadeo includes competition events for both bus operators and bus mechanics. Bus operators and mechanics from transit systems across North America participate in separate competitions, which showcase their skills in safe driving and vehicle maintenance.
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A school bus driver in Buffalo, NY, might have gotten away with a hit-and-run if the sixth grader she’d just dropped off didn’t leave a note on the car she dented. More >>. Aug 26, · Market Competition and Environment for New Entrants Part Conclusion Market Segment as follows: Key Companies School Bus Industry Market Development Terminology Definition in the Report North America United States Market Size and Growth (E).
International has a long history in the school bus industry as a chassis provider, dating to when school buses first became motorized. Under the deal Navistar Defence and Tatra A.S. will market the vehicles in North America, which includes sales to the United States military and foreign military sales financed by the United States.
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