Bruce Lincoln, Red Victory: Soviet UnionStalin's regime There's the "Why doesn't anyone realize that communism is the absolutely worst thing ever to hit the human race, without exception, even worse than both world wars, the slave trade and bubonic plague all put together? The truth is horrifying enough without you pulling numbers out of thin air" school.
Great Leap Forward Inafter China's first Five-Year PlanMao called for "grassroots socialism" in order to accelerate his plans for turning China into a modern industrialized state. In this spirit, Mao launched the Great Leap Forwardestablished People's Communes in the countryside, and began the mass mobilization of the people into collectives.
Many communities were assigned production of a single commodity—steel. Mao vowed to increase agricultural production to twice levels.
Uneducated farmers attempted to produce steel on a massive scale, partially relying on backyard furnaces to achieve the production targets set by local cadres. The steel produced was low quality and largely useless.
The Great Leap reduced harvest sizes and led to a decline in the production of most goods except substandard pig iron and steel. Furthermore, local authorities frequently exaggerated production numbers, hiding and intensifying the problem for several years.
Food was in desperate shortage, and production fell dramatically. The famine caused the deaths of millions of people, particularly in poorer inland regions. Forced to take major responsibility, inMao resigned as the President of the People's Republic of ChinaChina's de jure head of state, and was succeeded by Liu Shaoqi.
In July, senior Party leaders convened at the scenic Mount Lu to discuss policy. At the conference, Marshal Peng Dehuaithe Minister of Defence, criticized Great Leap policies in a private letter to Mao, writing that it was plagued by mismanagement and cautioning against elevating political dogma over the laws of economics.
Peng was replaced by Lin Biaoanother revolutionary army general who became a more staunch Mao supporter later in his career. While the Lushan Conference served as a death knell for Peng, Mao's most vocal critic, it led to a shift of power to moderates led by Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping, who took effective control of the economy following This moderate group of pragmatists were unenthusiastic about Mao's utopian visions.
Owing to his loss of esteem within the party, Mao developed a decadent and eccentric lifestyle. Sino-Soviet split and anti-revisionism Main article: Although initially they had been mutually supportive, disagreements arose after the death of Joseph Stalin and the rise of Nikita Khrushchev to power in the Soviet Union.
InKhrushchev denounced Stalin and his policies and began implementing post-Stalinist economic reforms. Mao and many members of the Chinese Communist Party CCP opposed these changes, believing that they would have negative repercussions for the worldwide Marxist movement, among whom Stalin was still viewed as a hero.
Relations between the two governments soured. Without pointing fingers at the Soviet Union, Mao criticized its ideological ally, the League of Communists of Yugoslavia. His approach was less than transparent, achieving this purge through newspaper articles, internal meetings, and skillfully employing his network of political allies.
In the play, an honest civil servant, Hai Ruiis dismissed by a corrupt emperor. While Mao initially praised the play, in February he secretly commissioned his wife Jiang Qing and Shanghai propagandist Yao Wenyuan to publish an article criticizing it.
Peng, a powerful official and Wu Han's direct superior, was the head of the " Five Man Group ", a committee commissioned by Mao to study the potential for a cultural revolution. Peng Zhen, aware that he would be implicated if Wu indeed wrote an "anti-Mao" play, wished to contain Yao's influence.
Yao's article was initially only published in select local newspapers. Peng forbade its publication in the nationally distributed People's Daily and other major newspapers under his control, instructing them to write exclusively about "academic discussion", and not pay heed to Yao's petty politics.
Despite initial skepticism in the Politburo of Luo's guilt, Mao pushed for an 'investigation', after which Luo was denounced, dismissed, and forced to deliver a self-criticism. Stress from the events led Luo to attempt suicide.
The Outline, sanctioned by the Party centre, defined Hai Rui as constructive academic discussion, and aimed to formally distance Peng Zhen from any political implications. The conference, rather than being a joint discussion on policy as per the usual norms of party operationswas essentially a campaign to mobilize the Politburo into endorsing Mao's political agenda.The Wuhan Gang & The Chungking Gang, i.e., the offsprings of the American missionaries, diplomats, military officers, 'revolutionaries' & Red Saboteurs and the "Old China Hands" of the s and the herald-runners of the Dixie Mission of the s.
(Note that the Soviet Red Army military advisers sent to China were mostly German Jews, and the Comintern agents sent to China were mostly American.
After Mao Zedong Summary. Mao remained in undisputed control of China until his death in After Mao's death there was a power stuggle, which saw the fall of Mao's 'Gang of Four' supporters, and the restoration of Deng Xiaoping, who followed a more moderate line.
Deng Xiaoping reemerged as China's paramount leader shortly after the death of Mao Zedong in Deng Xiaoping's goal in was to set China back on the course of economic development that had been badly interrupted during the final years of Mao's leadership. The China Reader: The Reform Era [Orville Schell, David Shambaugh] on monstermanfilm.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Current Affairs/Asian Studies Perhaps no nation in recent history has undergone as total a transformation as China has in the past twenty-five years. For Chinese leaders. The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from until Launched by Mao Zedong, then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to preserve 'true' Communist ideology in the country by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong.
Mao Zedong's impact upon the Chinese people was monumental during his lifetime—and for many years after his death, as well.
|Editorial Reviews||At the time of his death, China was in a political and economic quagmire. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and subsequent factional fighting had left the country much poorer, weaker, and isolated than it had been in|
|Customers who viewed this item also viewed||Jeanne d'Arc of China:|
Many would argue that effects of his leadership continue to be felt today.